People suffer from viral pneumonia when a virus causes an infection in either or both of their lungs. Different types of viruses cause this ailment, including influenza virus. Virus can be passed on from one person to another through breathing them in or through touching things where the virus is present. Viral pneumonia can also develop when viruses present in the body travel to the lungs. This ailment is quite common. Therefore, how to treat viral pneumonia is something that must know more about.
Suffering from pneumonia causes our airways to swell or inflame, resulting to air sacs in our lungs being filled with fluids like mucus. This makes it difficult for oxygen to get to our bloodstream. This is why it is important for us to know more about how we can prevent and manage viral pneumonia.
The first step in learning how to treat viral pneumonia is to know more about its causes. Children and the elderly are most susceptible to viral pneumonia because their bodies find it more challenging to fight off viruses. Several types of viruses can cause this ailment.
Serious cases of viral pneumonia can develop on people who have an enfeebled immune system. These include premature babies, children who have heart and lung issues, people who have HIV infection, individuals receiving medications that undermine the immune system like chemotherapy, and those who have received organs through transplants.
It also helps to know more about viral pneumonia symptoms if you are looking to learn more about how to treat viral pneumonia. In most cases, the symptoms start off slowly and they tend not to be severe during the early stages. Generally, symptoms of include coughing that might come with mucus, either mild or high fever, convulsions and shortness of breath.
Other symptoms of this ailment include confusion, too much sweating, loss of appetite, headache, lethargy, fatigue, and chest pains.
How to Treat Viral Pneumonia: Treatment
In learning how to treat viral pneumonia, you must understand that antibiotics do not cure viral pneumonia. Also, antiviral medications only work against certain types of viruses. So how does one treat this kind of ailment?
Treatment is often a combination of approaches that involve antiviral medications, corticosteroid medicines, and increased fluid intake. In more serious cases, the use of humidified air and increased oxygen intake may be necessary to help avert dehydration and to aid in breathing.
Hospital treatment is often recommended to patients who are more than 65 years and to children. Hospital treatment is also best if the patient is not able to care for himself at home or if the patient is having difficulty eating or drinking.
Hospitalization is also required for patients who are suffering from other serious illnesses alongside viral pneumonia, patients who have taken antiviral medications but are not seeing progress and patients exhibiting severe symptoms. However, there are also those who can get better with home treatment.
Home treatment often involves the intake of antipyretic drugs to control fever, and anti-inflammatory drugs like NSAIDs to help reduce inflammation. Taking cough medications can also help; however remember to seek the advice of your doctor before taking any over-the-counter medicine. Also, do not forget to drink plenty of water to help work secretions loose and expel phlegm. Also, take sufficient rest.
How to Treat Viral Pneumonia: Prognosis and Complications
Perhaps the most interesting aspect of how to treat viral pneumonia is its prognosis. In most cases, viral pneumonia conditions are mild. Patients are able to get better devoid of treatment in about 1 to 3 weeks.
However, serious cases require hospital treatment because these cases can lead to respiratory failure, cardiac failure, and liver failure. Bacterial infections can also occur and this can result to even more severe forms of this ailment.