There are various treatment for herniated disc in lower back. Herniated disc is a medical condition in which one of the discs that cushion and supports the vertebrae (spinal bones) moves out of place or breaks due to injury or trauma.
This exerts pressure on the nerve which causes pain, weakness and numbness. The spine is divided into three parts: the neck, chest and the lower back. Herniated discs in the lower back is the most common type, affecting mostly middle-aged and older men due to physical labor, injury from a fall or accident.
Treatment for Herniated Disc in Lower Back
Herniated disc in lower back symptoms include: a mild, dull, ache or pain to a pulsing pain. Sometimes, it will get so painful that you won’t be able to move and won’t feel anything. Pain is usually felt in just one part of the body; sharp pain on one side and numbness on the other side. Herniated disc in the lower back may also show weakness, numbness and pain on the toe, ankle, on top of the foot which may extend up to the buttocks. It may also cause loss of ankle reflex.
The treatment for herniated disc in lower back may differ from patient to patient. It will depend on the extent of pain that they are experiencing; on the length of time that they have experienced the symptoms.
Initial treatment for herniated disc in lower back is done conservatively, which may include a period of rest with some pain medications; this is a done for a few weeks and may be followed by physical therapy to get them going again.
Some people may respond to this treatment for herniated disc in lower back, while others who may not respond well but is not experiencing severe pain may still extend their medications.
Treatment for Lower Back – There Are Several Methods Available
Others who extended their medications maybe given nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, narcotic painkillers if the pain is too severe for the patient. Steroids and epidural injections maybe administered to minimize the pain.
Almost all patients need to undergo physical therapy; together with the therapist, they will work on gradually strengthening the muscles supporting the spine in order to be able to revert back to old activities.
Most patients recover after six to twelve weeks of medication, rest and physical therapy. After this period, patients who did not show improvement and still suffers from severe pain may undergo surgery.
Another treatment for herniated disc in lower back is microdisectomy. This is done to provide the nerve with a better healing environment. Pressure is removed from the nerve root by cutting a portion of the disc that is pressing on it.
The surgeon uses modern micro-surgical techniques with a small incision on the skin. This is done on an outpatient basis and most patients can return to work in one to three weeks.
Apart from microdisectomy, there is another popular treatment for herniated disc in lower back that doctors recommend, and this is fusion surgery. It is performed by stopping the motion at the disc level and removing all of the disc material inside.
Whatever treatment is done, the main concern for the patient is to minimize, if not remove the pain that he is experiencing and to make him return to his usual level of activity.