The auto-immune disease sarcoidosis causes inflammation of different organs and tissue of the body. Even though it can affect any part of the body, it normally begins in the lymph nodes or lungs. The cause is not known and there is not a common time period that a person can be affected by it. It can develop quickly and leave quickly or last for a lifetime.
Organs That Sarcoidosis Can Affect
- Lungs – Dry Hacking Cough and Shortness of Breath
- Skin of Face, Legs or Shins – Lesions, Rash and Bumps, Granulomas
- Eyes Dry, Blurry and Inflammation
- Lymph Nodes
- Nervous System
- Exocrine Glands
As sarcoidosis auto-immune disease, previously known as Hutchison’s disease, progresses the inflamed tissue develops small lumps called granulomas. The majority of the time these bumps clear up. In cases where they do not disappear they cause the affected tissue to scar.
If a patient has laboured breathing along with the dry cough, it is a sign that the disease has become serious. The skin of the face shins and arms can develop a rash or red bumps. Any of the listed symptoms can develop alone or together.
- Lack of Energy
- Weight Loss
- Aches and Pains
- Knees Swelling
- Mimics Cancer
Sarcoidosis auto-immune disease is a common chronic illness that can afflict anyone anywhere in the world. It is not known why but young black women seem to develop the disease more commonly than any other race or sex. It is not known how many people are afflicted with the disease because it often goes undiagnosed. The symptoms of sarcoidosis are similar to many other ailments and this causes misdiagnosis.
There are approximately five in one hundred thousand white Americans and forty in one hundred thousand black Americans that have it. The majority of cases develop between the ages of twenty and forty. It is more common and severe in Scandinavian countries where sixty four in one hundred thousand develops it.
The symptoms of sarcoidosis are not contagious or cancerous. Most cases of the disease last between twenty-four and thirty-six months before clearing up and heal on its own in sixty to seventy percent of the people that develop it. Even though it seems to run in families there are no evidence that it is genetic.
Sarcoidosis is caused by an abnormal immune response but the substance that causes it is not known. A low percentage of people that develops sarcoidosis will have permanent lung scarring. In an even small percentage of people it is fatal due to organ damage.
There are not certain tests recommended in diagnosing sarcoidosis auto-immune disease. A chest x-ray, pulmonary function test and blood work can result in the possibility of the disease being present. The x-ray will show the inflammation or scarring in the lungs, the pulmonary function tests can show a decreased oxygen level, and blood work can results can indicate that there is inflammation. If more of the symptoms are present then the doctor will diagnose it as being sarcoidosis.