A body organ (Pancreas Transplant) transplantation involving implantation of the pancreas from a healthy person into a diabetic person may refer to as pancreas transplant. Pancreas is an essential gland organ in the human body which is six inches in length and is situated between the spine and stomach.
This gland organ has three parts which includes head, which is the widest part, body and the tail, which is a thin end. It is responsible for making enzymes and hormones, viz., insulin, glycogen, etc. It also secretes digestive juices for better digestion.
As pancreas is one of the vital organs that perform different necessary functions in the process of digestion, the native pancreas of the affected person is kept in its place whereas the donated pancreas finds a different place for attachment in a suitable location. Any person who has already died can donate his pancreas or even a living person can donate partial pancreas for pancreas transplant.
Pancreas transplant are of different types. Some of them are described as follows. The first of a kind is the Simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplant (SPK). It refers to a simultaneous replant of pancreas as well as the kidneys for the diabetic person who is suffering from kidney failure at its end stage.
Solitary pancreas transplants, another kind, refers to the kidney transplantation that would prevent any onset of kidney diabetic complications. Islet transplant is a kind of pancreas transplant which refers to minor surgical replacement of pancreas.
Nowadays, for diabetic persons who are insulin-dependent and can develop acute complications, pancreatic transplants are generally carried out. Pancreatic transplantation is a strict no-no for those suffering from pancreatic cancer since the disease is highly malevolent and may return soon after the process of transplantation.
Pancreas transplants is recommended to those who are affected by a type1 complication like acute hypoglycaemia and hyperglycaemia. With such a type of diabetes, some cells known as islet cells, fail to produce insulin in the body of the patient. Hence, there is a need of pancreas transplantation so as to get rid of such complications.
Rising demand of pancreas transplant in India
The prognostic pancreas transplant is considered to be very good. If the operation is a success, then the patient will be free of any more insulin shots, blood sugar tests or following diabetic diet. Recently it has been recorded that the risks regarding the prognosis have decreased indicating improvement of long-term success.
According to the record, almost 95% of the diabetic patients who underwent pancreas transplant a year ago are still hale and hearty and 85% of all such pancreas is properly functioning. In India, pancreas transplants has some sorts of risks related to it, unlike any other organ transplantation surgeries. The doctors check the recipient as well as the donor’s Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) type before any transplantation.
The new pancreas is only accepted in case of matching HLA type. Even the drugs given to fight pancreatic rejection may cause any side effects which can lead to infections and bleeding. People who have sound health or not having any heart or blood diseases can safely take up the procedure of pancreas transplant.