The coronary artery disease also known as coronary heart disease is caused by a condition known as atherosclerosis. It occurs when fatty substances from plaque build up on arterial walls. The arteries are the one responsible for the oxygen supply to the heart.
Thus, when the arteries becomes fatty, they do less in supplying the same oxygen t the heart making the heart have a very hard time to pump the blood since it will have less supply of blood to the body than what is demanded. So in most situations, the heart will be overworked and what follows is the heart stopping to work. This results in chest pain, heart attack or shortness of breath among other symptoms.
There are other various names which are used to refer to CAD;
- Hardening of the arteries
- Ischemic heart disease
- Heart disease
- Narrowing of arteries
Coronary artery disease can be caused by several factors among them;
- High intake of cholesterol in cooking fats
- HBP-high blood pressure
- Diabetes-high amounts of sugar in blood as a result of insulin failure
- Chronic kidney disease
- Abuse of alcohol
- Lack of exercises
When undergoing the recovery of the coronary artery diseases, people react differently. There are those who maintain healthy life by changing the diet, others stopping smoking and others taking prescriptions from the doctor correctly. With different modes of dealing with the disease, prognosis may vary.
You can easily identify or detect when you are suffering from the coronary artery diseases, with the common symptom being the angina. Angina is pain on the chest as a result of the heart muscles lacking enough oxygen blood supply. Angina feels like squeezing pain on the chest, arms, shoulders, jaw, neck and back. The pain tends to become worst with the activity but decreases as you rest. Emotional stress can also be a cause of the pain.
Another symptom of coronary heart diseases is the shortness of breath. The symptom is evident when there is heart failure, thus your heart can’t pump required blood to the body. Fluids build in the lung making breathing a very hard activity.
The disease can be treated from a number of ways. Your specialist may require you to take medicines which will treat the blood pressure, high cholesterols levels or diabetes. He may also give you other prescriptions which you need to adhere to.
Prevention of the coronary artery disease can be easy since most of the causes are preventable. Some of the preventive measures include;
- Avoid smoking
- Eating balanced meals-which are low in fat and cholesterol
- Ensure you exercise regularly
- Make the blood pressure to remain low
- Control both the blood sugar and the cholesterol in control
The reason why coronary artery disease has become a common disease is because most of those who get it are either smokers or cholesterol takers. These are two things which are very attracting to most of us. Smoking may appear as a nice experience but behind the normal worst diseases like cancer, they also contribute to the coronary disease, cholesterol consumption is something you may not know how to leave since according to you, you must use fat.
Well, am not saying you don’t use, but which type of fast are you using, and which amount of fats are you consuming makes the whole difference of those who are likely to get the coronary artery diseased and those who always enjoy a good life without disease. Coronary artery bypass graft surgery can be an effective means of fighting coronary disease.